Mosquito Preventions and Control
Welcome to the Any Pest, Inc. Mosquito Prevention information page. This page will provide knowledge to our current and potential customers on the mosquito population in your area. We would like to share some general mosquito knowledge, the life cycle of a mosquito, mosquito diseases and myths versus facts.
Did you know:
- The mosquito is a common flying insect that can be found all around the world
- There are about 2,800 different species of mosquitoes
- Not all mosquito species bite humans
- Mosquitoes can fly about 1 to 1.5 miles per hour
The mosquito females drink blood and the nectar of plants but the males only sip plant nectar. When a female bites, she also injects an anticoagulant (anti-clotting chemical) into the prey to keep the victim’s blood flowing. She finds her victims by sight and smell, and also by detecting their warmth.
Like all insects, the mosquito has a body divided into three parts (head, thorax, and abdomen), a hard exoskeleton, and six long, jointed legs. Mosquitoes also have a pair of veined wings. They have a straw-like proboscis and can only eat liquids.
Mosquitoes go through four distinct stages of development during a lifetime, they undergo a complete metamorphosis; the four stages are egg, pupa, larva and adult. The full life-cycle of a mosquito takes about a month. After drinking blood, adult females lay a raft of 50 to 400 tiny white eggs in standing water or very slow-moving water. Within a week, the eggs hatch into larvae (sometimes called “wrigglers”) that breathe air through tubes which they poke above the surface of the water. Larvae eat bits of floating organic matter and each other. Larvae molt four times as they grow; after the fourth molt, they are called “pupae”. Pupae (also called “tumblers”) also live near the surface of the water, breathing through two horn-like tubes (called siphons) on their back. Pupae don’t eat. An adult mosquito emerges from a pupae when the skin splits after a couple of days. The adult mosquito lives for only a few weeks.
The mosquito is often a carrier of diseases such as: malaria, dengue fever, encephalitis, yellow fever, West Nile virus, dog heartworm, and many others. The females can carry disease from one animal or human to another as they feed.
|Both male and female mosquitoes bite.||Only the female mosquito bites. She uses the protein from the blood she takes to develop her eggs. The male mosquito feeds on nectar from flowers.|
|The mosquito dies after she takes a blood meal.||Mosquitoes are capable of biting more than once. After the female mosquito takes a blood meal she completes the development of her eggs and may deposit up to 400 eggs. She may then seek another blood meal.|
|Bats are very effective at controlling mosquito populations.||Bats are indiscriminate feeders and will eat any sort of insect that flies by. They don’t concentrate on mosquitoes and very rarely have any substantial effect on the mosquito population.|